Tokyo Kindai Tosho (1867-1945)

Copyright by

Chris Bowen

Tokura 1014-6

Mishima, Shizuoka 411



The following index contains the names and student/teacher

relationships of Tokyo kindai tosho.  Also included are the

names of some smiths who continued working after the war; some

are still active.  Smiths who worked predominately in the

shinshinto period are not included.  Formally organized schools

or groups are also listed.


This information is constantly being updated and expanded.

However, any future additions will undoubtedly be obscure and

rather mundane smiths whose production was either nil or of poor

quality.  If the readership should have information which

superceeds the following, or adds to it, please do me the favor

of contacting me and letting me know.


This list forms the skeleton of a book I am currently writing.

If by chance you should have a blade by any of the following

smiths, especially the more obscure smiths, please send me

details of the blade and an oshigata.


I have tried very hard to check, cross-check, and re-check the

following information.  However, errors are bound to surface.

Should you find any, please feel free to call me nasty names,

but in the end, let me know the error of my ways...


I. Nihon To Tanren Denshujo (日本鍛練伝習場) and the Nihon To

Gakuin (日本刀学院)


The Nihon To Tanren Denshujo was located in Akasaka, Hikawa-cho,

on the grounds of the estate of Kurihara Hikosaburo, who was a

member of the National Diet, as well as an amateur swordsmith.

He had a deep interest in nihonto from an early age, and after

several attempts, finally secured enough financial backing to

open the Denshujo on July 5, Showa 8.  In Showa  16, for a

variety of reasons, the school closed and a new academy, the

Nihon To Gakuin, was opened on the grounds of the Imperial

Army's facility in Zama (Sobudai), Kanagawa Prefecture.  The

following smiths are associated with the Denshujo and/or the

Gakuin.  Full-time  smiths were all given the meiji 'Aki' (昭)

by Akihide.  Several others were students of Kasama Shigetsugu,

who was the head teacher in Showa 9-10.  These students used

'Tsugu' in their mei.  The teacher-student relationship is often

indistinct at the Denshujo and at the Gakuin because often

students studied under more than one teacher.  Although it is

said that Akihide wasn't a professional swordsmith and wasn't

trained to produce swords independently from start to finish, he

made a specialty out of yaki-ire, and tempered many blades made

by others.  Out of respect, he is referred to as a 'teacher'.

The second half of this group trained at the Nihon To Gakuin.

Both students and student's students are listed.  (NOTE: **

denotes a part-time student):



1.  Akihide (昭秀)/ Hikosaburo (彦三郎)  


     1.1.  Akitomo (昭友)


     1.2.  Akimune (昭宗)


     1.3.  Akifusa (昭房)


     1.4.  Akihira (昭平)/ Yukihira (行平)


     1.5.  Akitoshi (昭寿)


     1.6.  Akikuni (昭国)


     1.7.  Akitsugu (昭次) / Akimasa (昭聖)


     1.8.  Akiyoshi (昭嘉)


     1.9.  Akimori (昭守)/ Morikuni (守国)


     1.10.  Akihiro (昭広)


     1.11.  Akihisa (昭久)


     1.12.  Akinobu (昭信)


     1.13.  Akimasa (昭正)


     1.14.   Masanori (将応)


     1.15.  Akitoshi (昭俊)


     1.16.  Akikane (昭兼)/ Mitsukane (光兼)/ Munefusa (宗房)


     1.17.  Akiyasu (昭康)


     1.18.  Akizane (昭真)


     1.19.  Akikiyo (昭清)


     1.20.  Shigechika (重親) **


     1.21.  Akinori (昭則)


          1.21.1.  Shigehide (重秀) / Hifumi (一二三)


     1.22.  Akimori (昭盛)/ Munetsugu (宗継)


     1.23.  Akitsugu (昭継)/ Tsugukiyo (継清)


          1.23.1.  Akihiro (昭広)/ Tsuguhiro (継広)


     1.24.  Akimitsu (昭光)


          1.24.1.  Akitsugu (昭次)


     1.25.  Akisada (昭貞)


     1.26.  Akitaka (昭孝)


     1.27.  Akitaka (昭隆)


     1.28.  Akimasa (昭正)


     1.29.  Masakiyo (正清) **


          1.29.1.  Masaryu(正留)


          1.29.2.  Masakane (正兼)


          1.29.3.  Masakatsu (正勝)


     1.30.  Kunitoshi (国俊) **


     1.31.  Tadayoshi (忠善) **


     1.32.  Kunimitsu (国光) **


     1.33.  Masatsugu (正次) **


          1.33.1. Tadataka (忠孝)


          1.33.2. Tadahisa (忠久)


     1.34.  Yoshisaku (善作) **


     1.35.  Akitoshi (昭利)


     1.36.  Akitake (昭武)


     1.37.  Akimichi (昭道)


     1.38.  Tadashi (タダシ) **


     1.39.  Tosuke (東助) **


     1.40.  Akifuku (昭福)


          1.40.1.  Akihisa (昭久) /Akimasa (昭正)


     1.41.  Akiyuki (昭行)


     1.42.  Akikuni (昭国)


     1.43.  Akikuni (昭国)


     1.44.  Akiyoshi (昭吉)/ Yoshikane (吉包)


          1.44.1.  Akiyoshi (昭吉)


          1.44.2.  Sadatomo (貞友)


          1.44.3.  Yoshikane (吉包)


          1.44.4.  Kunimitsu (国光)


          1.44.5.  Noriyoshi (徳吉)


          1.44.6.  Yoshichika (義近)


     1.45.  Akimichi (昭道)


     1.46.  Akitomi (昭富)


     1.47.  Akimaro (昭麿)


     1.48.  Akiyoshi (昭良)


     1.49.  Akitake (昭武) / Yoshihiro (義弘)


     1.50.  Kunitake (国威) **


     1.51.  Kuniyoshi(国慶) **


     1.52.  Morikuni (守国) **


     1.53.  Kazuyuki (一行) **


     1.54.  Kaneshige (兼重) **


     1.55.  Chikahide (親秀) **


     1.56.  Mitsuhiro (光広) **


     1.57.  Kunimitsu (国光) **


     1.58.  Morikuni (守国) **


          1.58.1.  Masamichi (正道)


     1.59.  Teruhide (輝秀) / (輝日天) **


     1.60.  Mitsunori (光矩) **


     1.61.  Masafusa (正房) **


     1.62.  Yoshifusa (吉房) / Yoshihisa (吉久) **


     1.63. Tsuneharu (常治) **


     1.64.  Terumasa (照正) **


II.  Ikkansai Ke (一貫斎)


The following swordsmiths are considered to be members of the

Ikkansai group.  The first 5 mainline smiths usually included

'Ikkansai' in their signatures.


1.  Shigetoshi (繁寿)


     1.1.  Masatoshi (正寿) / Masafusa (正房)


          1.1.1. Motohiro (基広)


       Masamoto (正基)


          1.1.2.  Shigetsugu (繁継) / Masateru (正輝)


       Toshihiro (寿広) / Yasuhiro (靖広) /

Kunimori (国護)


            Tsunatoshi (恒寿) / Toshimune



            Uju (宇寿)


            Kamikuni (神国)


            Chikafusa (親房)


            Mitsuhiro (光広)


            ? (林幸太郎)


            Masatoshi (正寿) / Hiromoto



            Mitsuyasu (光保) **


       Shigemasa (繁正) / (繁政)


            Masayuki (政幸)


            Masatsune (正恒)


            Ichibun (一文)


       Masataka (正尊) / Noriaki (徳顕)


       Okimasa (起正)


            Masaaki (正和)


            Kiyoaki (清和)


            Masasumi (正澄)


            Yoshiaki (喜昭) / Masamitsu



            Masatoshi (正寿) /

Hiromoto (広元)


****The following students studied under Kasama Shigetsugu at

the Denshujo.  Also listed are these student's students:


       Kuniiye (国家)


            Masasane (正真)


           Kuninobu (国展)


            Kuniyasu (国安)/ Kunitoshi



            Yoshimitsu (吉光)


            Shoji (荘二) / Kuniiye (国家)


            Yoshindo (義人)


       Akitomo (昭友)


            Tomomaro (友麿)


                 Sukefusa (助房)


            Tomohide (友秀) / Sukehide



            Sadatomo (貞友)


            Mitsuyasu (光保) **


       Akimune (昭宗)


            Munetsugu (宗次)


       Akihisa (昭久)


       Akifusa (昭房)


       Munetsugu (宗継)/ Akimori (昭盛)


       Tsugukiyo (継清)/ Akitsugu (昭継)


            Tsuguhiro (継弘)


       Munetoshi (宗利)/ Munehide (宗秀)

                             Hidemune (秀宗)


        Tsuguyasu (継康)


       Tsuguyoshi (継義)


       Kanetsugu (兼継)


       Tsugunobu (継延)/ Kaneharu (兼春)


       Tsugumasa (継政)


       Teruhide (輝秀)


            Teruyoshi (輝吉) / Teruhide

(輝日天)                      (Teruhideユs younger brother)


                 Teruiye (輝家)


            Terukatsu (輝勝)


            Yoshiteru (義輝)


            Terumitsu (輝光)



III.  Nihon To Tanren Kai (日本刀鍛錬会)


These are the smiths who worked at the Yasukuni Shrine, and

their students.  The Nihonto Tanrenkai opened on the grounds of

the Yasukuni Shrine, in Kudanshita, Tokyo, in Showa 8.  Under

the sponsorship of the Imperial Army, smiths produced swords for

graduates of the Army's Officer's Academy.  The army conferred

the kanji 'Yasu', from the shrine, on the smiths upon

commencement of production.  Some 8000 swords were produced by

this group during the period from Showa 8-20.


1. Yasuhiro (靖広)


     1.1.  Shigemasa (繁正)/ Shigemasa (繁政)


2.  Yasunori (靖徳) / Ujimasa (氏正)/ Takenori (武徳)/ Masamune



     2.1.  Yasunori (靖憲)/ Takenori (武憲)


          2.1.1.  Yasuharu (靖春) / Yasuyoshi (靖吉)


          2.1.2. Masatada (正忠) / Michimasa (道正)


          2.1.3. Masataka (正孝) / Morimitsu (森光) / Masamitsu



     2.2.  Yasutoshi (靖利)


     2.3.  Yasuoki (靖興) / Yasuoki (靖典)


3.  Yasumitsu (靖光)/ Kazumitsu (一光)


     3.1.  Yasunobu (靖延)


          3.1.1.  Suketoshi (助寿) / Toshimitsu (寿光)


     3.2.  Yasushige (靖繁)


     3.3.  Yasutake (靖武)


          3.3.1.  Tsunamitsu (恒光)


     3.4.  Yasuaki (靖要)


IV.  The Tokiwamatsu Tanren Kenkyu Jo (党盤松鍛練研究場)


This forge was located on the estate of ultranationalist Toyama

Mitsuru.  Smiths who made swords here part-time include the



1.  Shigetsugu (繁継)


2.  Akihiro (昭広)


3.  Toshihiro (寿広)


4.  Okimasa (起正)


V.  Hanazawa Tanren Jo (羽沢鍛練場) and the Horii (堀井) Group


The Hanazawa Tanrenjo was opened in the late Meiji period and

operated until the late Taisho period.  The following list

includes smiths from the Hanazawa Tanrenjo and their students:


1.  Horii Taneyoshi (胤吉) / Yoshiaki (吉文)


     1.1.  Horii Taneaki (胤明)


          1.1.1.  Horii Toshihide (俊秀) / Kaneaki (兼明) /

Hideaki (秀明)


          1.1.2.  Kurihara Akihide (昭秀)


          1.1.3.  Masakuni (真国) / Nobuaki (信明)


       Masayoshi (正義) / Sukeyasu (祐康)


        Sukehiro (祐弘) / Sukemitsu (祐光)


            Suketsune (祐恒) / Sukekuni



        Kuniyoshi (国芳)


       ? (藤田五三郎)


          1.1.4.   Sukekuni (祐国) / Toshiaki (寿明)


       Tsuneyasu (恒康)


            Suketsune (祐恒) / Sukekuni



      ? (池田?吉)


          1.1.5.  Kanekuni (兼国) / Yoshiaki (良明)


       Kanekuni (兼国) / Masahira (真平)


            Kanekuni (兼国)


       Kuniaki (国明)


          1.1.6.   Muneaki (宗明)


          1.1.7.   Yasuaki (保明)


          1.1.8.   Masatada (正忠)


     1.2.  Tanekatsu (胤勝)


     1.3.  Tanetsugu (胤次)


     1.4.  Yoshisumi (吉澄)


2.  Ukoh (羽皐) (amateur)


VI.  The Okura Tanrenjo (小倉鍛練所)


The following smiths produced swords at the Okura Tanrenjo,

which was located on the grounds of the estate of the Baron



     1.  Kunimori (国護) / Toshihiro (寿広) / Yasuhiro (靖広)


          1.1.  Masatoshi (正寿) / Hiromoto (広元)


     2.  Shigemasa (繁正)


     3.  Akinori (昭則)


VII.  The Hayama Enshin Ke (羽山円心家)


The following smiths were members of the Hayama group in Tokyo:


     1.  Jounsai Hayama Enshin (浄雲斎羽山円真) / Masahiro



          1.1.  Hayama Enshin (羽山円心) / Masahiro (正寛)


          1.2.  Hayama Masasane (羽山正真)


          1.3.  Masahiro (正寛)


          1.4. Hiromasa (寛赤)


          1.5.  Taizo (対蔵)


          1.6.  Masafusa (正房) **


VIII.  The Sakurai Ke (桜井家)


The following smiths were members of the Tokyo Sakurai group:


     1. Sakurai Masatsugu (桜井正次)


          1.1.  Masayuki (正幸)/Masatsuna (正綱)


          1.2.  Masayo (正世)


          1.3.  Torasaku (虎作)


          1.4.  Masamichi (正道)


          1.5.  Maiko (舞子) / Shigesuke (稠助) / Hidemaru

(日出丸) (amateur)


IX.  Kanenori Ke (包則家)


The following smiths belong to the Minamoto Kanenori group:


     1.  Kanenori (包則) / Toshiie (寿家)


          1.1.  Kanesada (包貞)


          1.2.  Kaneharu (包治)


          1.3.  Kanemitsu (包光)


          1.4.  Morioka Masayoshi (森岡正吉)



X.  Tsuchino Ke (土野家)


The following smiths are members of the Tsuchino group in

Saitama Prefecture:


     1.  Naotaka (直孝)


     2.  Naohiro (直弘)


          2.1.  Naohiro (直弘)


          2.2.  Naohiro(直弘)


               2.2.1.  Naohiro (直弘)


          2.3.  Masayuki (正幸)


               2.3.1.  Akinobu (昭信) **

               (Masayukiユs son-in-law)


          2.4.  Masayoshi (昌喜)        


XI.  Yoshichika Ke (良近)


The following smiths are members of the Yoshichika group:


     1.  Yoshichika (良近)


          1.1.  Nidai Yoshichika (良近)


          1.2.  Sukeyuki (介之)


          1.3.  Kiyonosuke (神之助)


          1.4.  Yoshiharu (義治)


XII.  Koishikawa Hohei Kojo (小石川砲兵工所)


These smiths worked in the Imperial Army's arsenal factory in

Koishikawa.  Sometimes the blades have a kokuin composed of

three interlocking circles.


     1.  Morioka Masayoshi (正吉)


     2.  Nidai Yokoyama Sukekane (祐包)


          2.1.  Sukekazu (祐一)


     3.  Mitsuhira (光平)


     4.  Kanehira (兼平)/  Nihei (仁平) (kodai Inaba

Kanesaki-brother of                Mitsuhira?)


     5.  Tsuneyoshi (経芳) (Murata blade inventor)



XIII.  Tokyo Dai Ichi Rikugun Zoheisho (東京第一陸軍造兵廠)


These smiths made swords at the Imperial Army's arsenal factory

in Akabane, Tokyo (1943-45).  These swords are usually inscribed

'Tokyo Dai Ichi Rikugun Zoheisho'.  Others may have also worked

here on a part-time basis.


     1.  Nobutaka (宣威)


     2.  Kanemasa (兼正)


     3.  Katsunobu (勝信)


     4.  Morikuni (守国)


XIV.  Other


The following smiths include:

1.  Those working in the late Bakumatsu period on into the Meiji


2.  Smiths not formally affiliated with any of the above groups

who nonetheless made swords in Tokyo.

3. Smiths which have not yet been proven to be connected with

any of the above groups.


Akimi (昭美) (Denshujo?)

Akitaka (昭高) (Denshujo?)

Akiyuki (昭通) (Denshujo?)

Genji (源次)

Hisahiro (久弘)

Hidetoshi (秀俊)

Hidemori (英守)

Hirotsugu (広次)/ Hirotsugu (寛次) ( Sokanユs son )

Hironaga (寛長) (Enshin ?)

Hisayoshi (久義)

Ishinsai (一心斎)

Kiyokane (清兼) (Denshujo?)

Kunihide (国秀) ((kodai Tsunatoshi)

Kunimitsu (国光)

Kunimune (国宗)

Kunihiro (国博)

Kunitada (国忠)

Kunitaka (国隆)

Korehide (是秀) (kodai Tsunatoshi)

Korekazu (是一) (kodai Korekazu)

Kunimasa (国和)

Masatada (正周) ( Suzuki Masaoユs group)

Masanori (正則) (Joukeishi Masaakiユs student)

Masakazu (正一)

Masanobu (正与)/Masataka (政賢)

Masayoshi (政善)

Masatsuna (聖綱)

Masasuke (正助)

Mitsukazu (光一)

Miyotaro  (三代太郎)

Morikuni (盛国)

Morimichi (守道)

Moritoshi (盛俊) ( Kurihara Nobuhideユs student)

Morotaka (師敬)

Muneshige (宗重)

Nanta (楠太)

Nankoku (南国)

Naokatsu (直勝)/ Naomune (直諒) (Sandai Naokatsu; Naomune is

early mei)

Naohide (直秀) (Naokatsuユs student; Naotane group)

Naohiro (直広)

Naotake (尚武)

Noriyuki (則行)

Saneoki (真興)

Saneyoshi (真義) (Kato Ichitaro (加藤一太郎); Hanazawa


Sanezumi (真澄)

Senshu (仙綉)

Shizukuni (鎮国)

Sukenobu (祐信)

Tadakazu (忠和)

Takaoki (高興)

Takeshi (武)

Tokiyoshi (時吉)

Tsuguesuke (継え助)

Ujiyori (氏白)

Yasufusa (康房)

Yasushige (康重) (12th generation Shitahara)

Yasumoto (康元)

Yoshisaburo (与三郎)

Yoshihiro (義広)

Yoshisada (義定)

Youichiro (興一郎)

Yoshitame (義為)